The kid support program encourages responsible parenting, family self-sufficiency and kid wellness by supplying assis-tance in finding moms and dads, establishing paternity, establishing, modifying and imposing support responsibilities and getting child assistance for children. The program was enacted in January 1975 as Part D of Title IV of the Social Security Act (P.L. 93-647). It runs as a robust collaboration in between the federal govern-ment and state and tribal federal governments. It is administered by the Workplace of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) and functions in all 54 states and territories and over 60 tribes. The program implements and assists in constant kid support payments so that children can count on their parents for the financial and emotional support they require to be healthy and successful.OCSE becomes part of the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) within the Department of Health and Human Being Services (HHS). ACF programs, consisting of kid support, accomplish favorable results for children by attending to the needs and respon-sibilities of moms and dads. These programs serve many of the exact same families, with interrelated goals to enhance kid and family well-being. Like other ACF programs, kid assistance promotes two-generational, family-centered strategies to enhance the capability of parents to support and look after their kids and to reduce stressors impacting bad and high-risk families and their communities. The kid support program is dedicated to the ACF objective of developing the proof base and drawing from that research study to guide policy and practice to continually improve performance and boost child wellness. The kid support program is a government success story. In-deed, FY 2015 set a brand-new record for achieving child assistance pro-gram results. In FY 1977, soon after the program started, the kid support program served less than 1 million cases and col-lected less than $1 billion.1 In FY 2015, nearly 40 years later on, the child assistance program served almost 16 million children and gathered $28.6 billion in cases getting child support services. In 2003, the Workplace of Management and Budget recognized kid Office of Child Assistance EnforcementThe Story Behind more info the NumbersAdministration for Children & FamiliesU.S. Department of Health and Human ServicesDecember 2016A Good InvestmentThis special Story Behind the Numbers takes a more detailed look at trends in kid assistance program data and other data that impacts the program. Through much deeper understanding of the story behind the numbers, the series aims to inform policy and practice and enhance program results.
This paper reveals why the child support program is a great financial investment.
Office of Child Support Enforcement2The Kid Assistance Program is a Good Investmentsupport as one of the most efficient programs in federal government.2 Ever since, the program has actually continued to make progress and evolve to meet the altering requirements of households, despite the difficult results of the current economic downturn.In some ways, the kid assistance program is very different from other social welfare programs. It does not transfer public funds to households as the majority of social welfare programs do; it enforces the private transfer of earnings from moms and dads who do not cope with their kids to the household where the children live, thus increasing the financial wellness of kids and reinforcing the ties between children and parents who live apart. Many moms and dads who do not cope with their kids want to support them. The child support program is there to engage and assist them. If parents hesitate to support their kids who live apart from them, the program exists to implement that responsibility.The child support program is also different than a number of other social welfare programs in that it engages with both moms and dads for the advantage of their kids. Almost 16 million kids, 11 million mothers, and over 10 million fathers, or 38 million individuals, take part in the pro-gram.3 While program eligibility is not income-tested, a lot of households in the program have actually restricted methods. Over half of custodial households in the kid support program have incomes below 150 per-cent of the poverty threshold, while 80 percent have incomes below 300 percent of the poverty threshold.4 Roughly one quarter of noncustodial parents have incomes below the federal poverty level.5 The child support program has developed over its 40-year existence from a focus on keeping child support to recover welfare costs to a family-centered program. This development has been directed by federal legislation and the changing needs of families. The child support program depends upon efficient statewide automated systems and a broad range of strong enforcement authorities to acquire support for families. At the same time, the program recognizes it must serve the entire family to achieve the ultimate goal of improving the financial and emotional support of children. An effective child support program integrates a mix of technology-driven processes, standard enforcement responses, and individual case management to maximize outcomes for ch